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Liene Znotina

Neurovasculature of the hip and thigh (anterior view) (English)

Neurovasculature of the hip and thigh (anterior view) (English)

[Anterior view] The main supplier of arterial blood to the thigh and leg is the femoral artery. This artery starts at the level of the inguinal ligament, descending through the femoral triangle and along the anteromedial thigh. Upon reaching the distal thigh it passes posteriorly through the adductor canal and continues to the popliteal fossa, where it becomes the popliteal artery. A major branch of the femoral artery is the deep femoral artery, also sometimes termed the deep artery of thigh or profundus femoris artery. It descends alongside the femoral artery, giving off many smaller branches which supply the hip region (circumflex arteries) and muscles of the posterior and medial thigh (perforating femoral arteries).Traveling alongside the femoral artery is the femoral vein, which drains blood received from the popliteal vein, great saphenous vein, deep femoral vein and their respective tributaries throughout the thigh and leg. Also traveling alongside the femoral artery is the femoral nerve which provides muscular and cutaneous innervation to the hip and anterior thigh. The medial thigh is predominantly supplied by the obturator nerve.
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