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Begoña Rodriguez

Large intestine (Latin)

Large intestine (Latin)

The large intestine begins at the caecum, which continues on from the pars terminalis ilei. Protruding from the caecum is the appendix vermiformis, which usually lies intraperitoneally and is held in position by its mesenterium, the mesoappendix. Continuing on from the caecum is the colon, divided into colon ascendens, transversum, descendens and sigmoideum. Of these, the colon transversum and sigmoideum are located intraperitoneally and suspended by the mesocolon transversum and sigmoideum, respectively. The large intestine ends with the rectum and canalis analis. Important features unique to the large intestine are the appendices omentales, which are small pouches of peritoneum filled with adipose tissue, the longitudinal bands of smooth muscle called taeniae coli, as well as the pouch-like sacculations called haustra coli.
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