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Begoña Rodriguez

Large intestine (English)

Large intestine (English)

The large intestine begins at the cecum, which continues on from the terminal part of the ileum. Protruding from the cecum is the vermiform appendix, which usually lies intraperitoneally and is held in position by its mesentery, the mesoappendix. Continuing on from the cecum is the colon, divided into ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon. Of these, the transverse and sigmoid colon are located intraperitoneally and suspended by the transverse and sigmoid mesocolon, respectively. The large intestine ends with the rectum and anal canal. Important features unique to the large intestine are the omental appendages, which are small pouches of the peritoneum filled with adipose tissue, the longitudinal bands of smooth muscle called teniae coli, as well as the pouch-like sacculations called haustra coli.
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