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Liene Znotina

Joints of the foot (English)

Joints of the foot (English)

Right foot, lateral view. The anatomical subtalar joint (a.k.a. talocalcaneal joint) is formed between the posterior calcaneal articular facet and posterior talar articular surface of the calcaneus. The transverse tarsal joint (a.k.a. midtarsal joint) is an S-shaped joint which connects the hindfoot and midfoot. It is a compound joint composed of two smaller joints, the talocalcaneonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints.Distally, there are a number of smaller intertarsal joints between the cuboid, navicular and cuneiform bones, namely the cuboideonavicular, cuneocuboid, cuneonavicular and intercuneiform joints.The tarsometatarsal joints are three in number: a medial joint involving the medial cuneiform and first metatarsal bones, a middle joint formed by intermediate and lateral cuneiform bones with the second and third metatarsal bones, and a lateral joint between the cuboid and fourth and fifth metatarsal bones. The joints between the heads of the metatarsal bones and bases of the proximal phalanges of the toes are known as metatarsophalangeal joints, while those found between contiguous phalanges are termed interphalangeal joints.
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