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Yousun Koh

Arteries of the neck (English)

Arteries of the neck (English)

Located at the root of the neck are the subclavian and common carotid arteries which arise from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right and from the arch of the aorta on the left. The thyrocervical trunk arises from the first part of the subclavian artery and gives off the inferior thyroid, ascending cervical, transverse cervical and suprascapular arteries. Also arising from the posterosuperior aspect of this part is the vertebral artery. Branching from the second part of the subclavian artery is the costocervical trunk which gives off a branch, the deep cervical artery at the root of the neck. The external carotid artery arises from the bifurcation of the common carotid artery and gives off several branches which include the superior thyroid, lingual artery, ascending pharyngeal, occipital artery and posterior auricular arteries (not shown). The rest of the branches of the external carotid artery are located superior to the neck. The internal carotid artery does not give off any cervical branches.
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