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Paul Kim

Arteries of the brain - Medial view (English)

Arteries of the brain - Medial view (English)

Cerebrum (without the brainstem and cerebellum) with arteries exposed. The anterior cerebral artery (ACA) gives off several branches including the anterior communicating artery, anteromedial central artery, orbitofrontal branches (i.e. medial/posterior), frontopolar, callosomarginal and pericallosal arteries. The callosomarginal artery also gives rise to three frontal branches (anteromedial, intermediomedial and posteromedial), as well as several cingular branches, while the pericallosal artery gives rise to the precuneate and other parietal branches. Therefore, the anterior cerebral artery supplies the frontal and medial surfaces of the cerebrum, cingulate cortex and part of the corpus callosum. The posterior cerebral artery (PCA) gives off several branches which include: the posteromedial and posterolateral central arteries, posterior choroidal branches, parietooccipital artery, lateral occipital and medial occipital arteries. The PCA and its branches supply the occipital lobe, the inferolateral surface of the temporal lobe, midbrain, thalamus, choroid plexus (third and lateral ventricle) and cerebral peduncles.
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